Quick Navigation

Olive Oil

Olive oil is an oil derived from olives and is used for cooking. Like many cooking oils, it contains a variety of bioactive molecules beyond oleic acid (its fatty acid), such as squalene, and is seen as one of the healthier cooking oils for foods with moderate smoke points.

Our evidence-based analysis on olive oil features 1 unique references to scientific papers.

Research analysis led by Kamal Patel.
All content reviewed by the Examine.com Team. Published: Jul 2, 2013
Last Updated:

Summary of Olive Oil

TL;DR - contains multiple supplements

Olive oil is a cooking oil extracted from olives, and is a staple of the Mediterranean Diet. It consists mostly of monounsaturated fats, primarily oleic acid (named after the olive oil itself). It also contains various anti-oxidant and anti-microbial compounds.

There are different forms of processing for olive oil, and olive oil typically known as 'Extra-Virgin' has the highest levels of beneficial ingredients in it due to minimal processing.

Some compounds in olive oil are heat and light sensitive and can be degraded when introduced to these stimuli. Olive oil should be stored in a cool, dark area to preserve these nutritional compounds.

Olive oil exhibits various smoke points (which should be avoided) ranging from 320 degrees F as Extra Virgin Olive, 420 degrees for Virgin, and 460-468 for Light and Extra light according. The lesser processed oils exhibit lower smoke points.

Things To Know & Note

Other Functions:

Primary Function:

Also Known As

EVOO (Extra-Virgin Olive Oil)

Do Not Confuse With

Other cooking oils

Scientific Research on Olive Oil

Olive oil is a lipid mixture of:[1]

  • Oleic Acid (monounsaturated fat)

  • Squalene

  • Oleuropein

  • Phenolic compounds (Hydroxytyrosol, Tyrosol)

  • Vitamin E

References

  1. ^ Waterman E, Lockwood B. Active components and clinical applications of olive oil. Altern Med Rev. (2007)