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Anaerobic Running Capacity

Anaerobic capacity refers to cardiovascular exercise that is short in duration and high in intensity, more prolonged than resistance training yet too intense to be maintained for more than a few minutes.

Research analysis led by Kamal Patel.
All content reviewed by the Examine.com Team. Published: Jul 5, 2013
Last Updated:

Things To Know & Note

Also Known As

Anaerobic exercise

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect anaerobic running capacity
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
grade-a Minor High See all 19 studies
Appears to increase anaerobic cardiovascular capacity, not to a remarkable degree however.
grade-a Minor Moderate See all 34 studies
Cardiovascular exercise where failure is associated with metabolic acidosis (ie. 'the burn') appear to get benefit with bicarbonate supplementation to a small degree but reliably. For other exercises (rowing, sprinting, swimming) not characterized by the burn, the benefits are much less reliable
grade-b Notable Moderate See all 7 studies
Appears to benefit anaerobic cardiovascular exercise, perhaps due to combination antifatigue effects and increasing power output
grade-b Minor High See all 3 studies
A mildly positive effect, possibly secondary to an increase in muscular endurance and to a reduction in fatigue, rather than being due to any cardiopulmonary interaction.
grade-b - Very High See all 5 studies
There does not appear to be any benefit of dietary colostrum, relative to whey protein, in improving cardiovascular performance in anaerobic instances such as Wingate testing, resisted treadmill tests, or rowing.
grade-b - Very High See all 3 studies
Studies assessing distance, time, or other parameters of performance during cycling tests have failed to find any significant benefit with betaine supplementation (one positive study measuring power output is pooled in that parameter).
grade-c Notable - See study
The increase in performance on a sprint test appeared to be fairly significant, and pending more evidence nitrates may be a reference comparator.
grade-c Notable - See study
An increase in time to exhaustion has been noted in cycling at 85% of VO2 max with soy based phosphatidylserine (750mg) to the degree of 29+/-8%, which is quite notable. This is independent of cortisol, and requires further investigation
grade-c Minor - See study
May be able to increase anaerobic physical performance, but this is unreliable due to arginine not reliably increasing nitric oxide concentrations.
grade-c Minor - See study
Supplementation of 500mg of the water extract has been noted to improve intermittent sprint performance in otherwise untrained persons then subject to a training protocol.
grade-c Minor - See study
Possibly effective at increasing cardiovascular exercise performance, likely secondary to fatigue reduction (although similarly unreliable)
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
An increase in anaerobic cardiovascular exercise has been noted with carnitine ingestion
grade-c Minor - See study
150mg resveratrol taken shortly after a workout appears to hinder the improvements in anaerobic physical performance seen with exercise alone; effects of resveratrol at other times uncertain.
grade-c Minor - See study
Able to increase intermittent sprint performance
grade-c - - See study
In a 75% VO2 max cycle until fatigue, rehydration with alanylglutamine failed to outperform water rehydration in overall time until exhaustion
grade-c - - See study
grade-c - - See study
No significant performance enhancing effect on short-term cardiovascular exercise
grade-c - Very High See 2 studies
No significant influence on anaerobic cardiovascular capacity independent of choline depletion
grade-c - - See study
No apparent influence of chromium supplementation on anaerobic cardiovascular exercise performance relative to placebo.
grade-c - - See study
No significant influence on anaerobic cardiovascular exercise has been detected with CoQ10 (although an anti-fatigue effect has been noted)
grade-c - - See study
No significant improvement in sprint capacity in trained persons supplementing HMB
grade-c - - See study
No significant influence on anaerobic running capacity
grade-c - - See study
No significant influence on anaerobic running capacity associated with Maca
grade-c - - See study
grade-c - - See study
Performance during short term cardiovascular exercise (assessed by time to exhaustion) does not appear to be significantly affected.
grade-c - - See study
Insufficient evidence to support a role of panax ginseng in improving exercise performance
grade-c - Very High See 2 studies
No significant influence on anaerobic exercise capacity when preloaded
grade-c - - See study
grade-c - - See study
No significant influence on anaerobic cardiovascular exercise capacity
grade-d - - See study
Anaerobic exercise does not appear to be beneficially influenced by pre-exercise supplementation of cocoa flavanols in otherwise healthy subjects.