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Executive Function

Research analysis led by Kamal Patel.
All content reviewed by the Examine.com Team. Published: Jun 28, 2017
Last Updated:

Summary of Executive Function

Primary Information, Benefits, Effects, and Important Facts

Scientific Information on Executive Function

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect executive function
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
Notes
grade-c Minor - See study
According to the CNS Vital SignR test in middle aged adults, pre-testing administration of Kanna appeared to increase executive function when compared to placebo.
grade-d Minor High See all 3 studies
Possible improvement in a couple of studies that administered cognitive tests, though not all studies found an effect.