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Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Research analysis led by Kamal Patel.
All content reviewed by the Examine.com Team. Published: Jun 28, 2017
Last Updated:

Summary of Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Primary Information, Benefits, Effects, and Important Facts

Scientific Information on Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Human Effect Matrix

The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies (it excludes animal and in vitro studies) to tell you what supplements affect symptoms of multiple sclerosis
Grade Level of Evidence
Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials
Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled
Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies
Uncontrolled or observational studies only
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Outcome Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
grade-b Minor High See all 4 studies
While cognitive symptoms have not yet been found to be treated with marijuana usage, physical symptoms and some parameters secondary to them (fatigue, energy, sleep quality) may be benefited with marijuana usage.
grade-c Minor - See study
Some symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis are noted to be reduced with carnitine ingestion.
grade-c Minor Very High See 2 studies
Memory impairment in multiple sclerosis may be attenuated with supplementation of modafinil (250mg armodafinil), although other cognitive impairments associated with MS do not appear significantly affected.
grade-c - - See study
Supplementation of ginkgo has failed to significantly benefit the cognition of persons with multiple sclerosis
grade-c - - See study
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis do not appear to be affected by supplementation of 10mg riboflavin relative to placebo.
grade-d Minor - See study
There appears to be a lower relapse rate in multiple sclerosis patients when Vitamin D is present at higher concentrations